By: Katie Francis, Follow South Jersey News Reporting Intern
SOUTH JERSEY — Last week, the U.S. Census Bureau released detailed results on the country’s 2020 Census. The data released on August 12 includes information on the nation’s overall identity, including population, Hispanic origin, race, sex, and age.
The 24th census in United States history counted each person living in the country, as well as residents in the five U.S. territories. In a world gone digital — and struck by the COVID-19 pandemic — it was the first census that residents were able to respond to online.
The United States population has increased 6.3% in the past decade from 308,745,538 to 331,449,281. Of this, 76.3% are white, 13.4% are African American, 5.9% are Asian, 2.8% are two or more races, 1.3% are American Indian and Alaska Native, and 0.2% are Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders. 18.5% of the United States population is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Along with detailed statistics for the country as a whole, the 2020 Census also breaks down information based on individual states, counties, and cities. This allows New Jersey residents to learn more about the 9,288,994 people that make up the Garden State.
According to the information from the Census collected from April 1, 2010 through 2020, the New Jersey population went up 1.0% (from 8,791,894 in 2010). Most of the eight South Jersey counties decreased in population, with the exceptions of Gloucester County (1.0% increase) and Ocean County (5.3% increase).
As for racial demographics in New Jersey, white residents make up 71.9% of the state, followed by African Americans at 15.1%, and people of Asian descent at 10.0% of the population. In half of the South Jersey counties, white residents are responsible for a much larger percentage than the state’s overall average: Ocean County at 92.7%, Cape May County at 91.8%, Gloucester County at 83.0%, and Salem County at 81.1%.
The other four South Jersey counties have a higher percentage of African American residents than the rest of the state’s average (15.1%). African Americans are responsible for 17.1% of Atlantic County, 21.6% of Camden County, 18.3% of Burlington County, and 21.9% of Cumberland County.
Residents of Hispanic or Latino origin make up 20.9% of New Jersey’s residential population.
According to the Census, 9.2% of the New Jersey population lives in poverty. The counties affected the most by poverty in South Jersey include Camden County (10.7%), Cumberland County (13.8%), Salem County (11.4%), and Atlantic County (11.3%). The Census bureau defines poverty by using a set of money income thresholds that vary based on families’ sizes. If a family’s total income is less than the threshold set for their size, that family is considered to be living in poverty.
You can find more information regarding the 2020 U.S. Census here.
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This article was produced by a Follow South Jersey news intern thanks to a grant provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation through the New Jersey Health Initiatives program to create hyper-local news to meet the informational and health needs of the City of Bridgeton, N.J.